Регулирование финансовой и банковской систем


Создан 1 декабря 2008 года проф. Я.А. Гейвандовым

"Всякому теперь кажется, что он мог бы наделать много добра на месте и в должности другого, и только не может сделать его в своей должности. Это причина всех зол. Нужно подумать теперь о том всем нам, как на своем собственном месте сделать добро" (Н.В.Гоголь).
European Council conclusions on completing EMU (14.12.2012) Версия для печати Отправить на e-mail
воскресенье, 16 декабря 2012

European Council conclusions on completing EMU[1]

adopted on 14 December 2012

Roadmap for the completion of EMU

1. In the light of the fundamental challenges facing it, the Economic and Monetary Union needs to be strengthened to ensure economic and social welfare as well as stability and sustained prosperity. Economic policies must be fully geared towards promoting strong, sustainable and inclusive economic growth, ensuring fiscal discipline, enhancing competitiveness and boosting employment, and in particular youth employment, in order for Europe to remain a highly competitive social market economy and to preserve the European social model.

2. The consolidation of EMU rests not only on completing its architecture but also on pursuing differentiated, growth-friendly and sound fiscal policies. While fully respecting the Stability and Growth Pact, the possibilities offered by the EU's existing fiscal framework to balance productive public investment needs with fiscal discipline objectives can be exploited in the preventive arm of the SGP.

3. Further to the interim report submitted in October 2012, the President of the European

Council, in close collaboration with the Presidents of the Commission, the European Central

Bank and the Eurogroup, has drawn up a specific and time-bound road map for the

achievement of genuine Economic and Monetary Union. The European Council notes the

"Blueprint" issued by the Commission which provides a comprehensive analysis of the

relevant issues combined with an assessment of their legal aspects. It also notes the

contributions made by the European Parliament. The European Council sets out the next steps

in the process of completing EMU, based on deeper integration and reinforced solidarity for

the euro area Member States.

4. The process of completing EMU will build on the EU's institutional and legal framework. It

will be open and transparent towards Member States not using the single currency.

Throughout the process the integrity of the Single Market will be fully respected, including in

the different legislative proposals which will be made. It is also important to ensure a level

playing field between Member States which take part in the SSM and those which do not.

5. The immediate priority is to complete and implement the framework for stronger economic

governance, including the "six-pack", the Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance

(TSCG) and the "two-pack". Following the decisive progress achieved on the key elements of

the "two-pack", the European Council calls for its rapid adoption by the co-legislators.

6. It is equally urgent to advance towards a more integrated financial framework, which will

help restore normal lending, improve competitiveness and help bring about the necessary

adjustment to our economies.

7. The Single Supervisory Mechanism constitutes a major qualitative step towards a more

integrated financial framework. The European Council welcomes the agreement reached

within the Council on 13 December and calls on the co-legislators to rapidly agree so as to

allow its implementation as soon as possible. It also reiterates the importance of the new rules

on capital requirements for banks (CRR/CRD), which are of the utmost priority so as to

develop a single rule book, and calls on all parties to work towards their agreement and rapid


8. The European Council urges the co-legislators to agree on the proposals for a Recovery and

Resolution Directive and for a Deposit Guarantee Scheme Directive before June 2013; the

Council for its part should reach agreement by the end of March 2013. Once adopted, these

Directives should be implemented by the Member States as a matter of priority.

9. The European Council looks forward to the Commission's rapid follow up to the proposals of the high level expert group on the structure of the EU banking sector.

10. It is imperative to break the vicious circle between banks and sovereigns. Further to the June 2012 euro area Summit statement and the October 2012 European Council conclusions, an operational framework, including the definition of legacy assets, should be agreed as soon as possible in the first semester of 2013, so that when an effective single supervisory mechanism is established, the European Stability Mechanism will, following a regular decision, have the possibility to recapitalise banks directly. This will be done in full compliance with the Single Market.

11. In a context where bank supervision is effectively moved to a single supervisory mechanism, a single resolution mechanism will be required, with the necessary powers to ensure that any bank in participating Member States can be resolved with the appropriate tools. Therefore, work on the proposals for a Recovery and Resolution Directive and for a Deposit Guarantee Scheme Directive should be accelerated so that they can be adopted in line with paragraph 8.

In these matters, it is important to ensure a fair balance between home and host countries. The

Commission will submit in the course of 2013 a proposal for a single resolution mechanism

for Member States participating in the SSM, to be examined by the co-legislators as a matter

of priority with the intention of adopting it during the current parliamentary cycle. It should

safeguard financial stability and ensure an effective framework for resolving financial

institutions while protecting taxpayers in the context of banking crises. The single resolution

mechanism should be based on contributions by the financial sector itself and include

appropriate and effective backstop arrangements. This backstop should be fiscally neutral

over the medium term, by ensuring that public assistance is recouped by means of ex post

levies on the financial industry.

12. In order for the EMU to ensure economic growth, competitiveness in the global context and employment in the EU and in particular in the euro area, a number of other important issues related to the coordination of economic policies and economic policy guidelines of the euro area will need to be further examined, including measures to preserve the integrity of the

Single Market. To this end, the President of the European Council, in close cooperation with

the President of the Commission, after a process of consultations with the Member States, will

present to the June 2013 European Council possible measures and a time-bound roadmap on

the following issues:

a) coordination of national reforms: the participating Member States will be invited to ensure,

in line with Article 11 of the TSCG, that all major economic policy reforms that they plan to

undertake will be discussed ex ante and, where appropriate, coordinated among themselves.

Such coordination shall involve the institutions of the EU as required by EU law to this end.

The Commission has announced its intention to make a proposal for a framework for ex ante

coordination of major economic policy reforms in the context of the European Semester;

b) the social dimension of the EMU, including social dialogue;

c) the feasibility and modalities of mutually agreed contracts for competitiveness and growth:

individual arrangements of a contractual nature with EU institutions could enhance

ownership and effectiveness. Such arrangements should be differentiated depending on

Member States' specific situations. This would engage all euro area Member States, but non

euro Member States may also choose to enter into similar arrangements;

d) solidarity mechanisms that can enhance the efforts made by the Member States that enter

into such contractual arrangements for competitiveness and growth.

13. Governance within the euro area should be further improved, building on the TSCG and

taking into account the euro area Summit statement of 26 October 2011. The euro area Heads

of State or Government will be invited to adopt rules of procedure for their meetings at their

meeting in March 2013, fully respecting Article 12.3 TSCG.

14. Throughout the process, the general objective remains to ensure democratic legitimacy and accountability at the level at which decisions are taken and implemented. Any new steps

towards strengthening economic governance will need to be accompanied by further steps

towards stronger legitimacy and accountability. At national level, moves towards further

integration of the fiscal and economic policy frameworks would require that Member States

ensure the appropriate involvement of their parliaments. Further integration of policy making

and greater pooling of competences must be accompanied by a commensurate involvement of

the European Parliament. New mechanisms increasing the level of cooperation between national parliaments and the European Parliament, in line with Article 13 of the TSCG and

Protocol No 1 to the Treaties, can contribute to this process. The European Parliament and

national parliaments will determine together the organisation and promotion of a conference

of their representatives to discuss EMU related issues.

См. официальный сайт - http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_Data/docs/pressdata/en/ec/134320.pdf.

[1] This text will be included in the final version of the European Council conclusions.

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